Which type of boat is suitable for which sailor?

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Which sailor needs which boat?

Which type of boat is suitable for which sailor?-boat

A trimaran is more for experts. The Corsair Marine shipyard, which this model originated from, prides itself on building the best trailerable trimarans

Source: Corsair Marin, B. One

Catamarans and trimarans can offer an attractive alternative to the classic monohull yacht. The recreational sailors only have to decide what is more important to them: comfort or speed.

F.rancis Joyon has set a new world record for the fastest circumnavigation of the world without stopping – with a trimaran. In summer, the best sailors in the world will fight for the America’s Cup, the oldest and most important trophy of their craft – on foiling catamarans.

In the Vendee Globe, the participants race around the globe on just one hull, just like in the Volvo Ocean Race. As diverse as the types of ship with which the professionals hunt for trophies and records, the shipyards offer a wide range for recreational and touring sailors.

When choosing the right type of boat, hobby sailors do It is good to note a few basic things: It not only depends on the sailing characteristics you expect from your ship and how many crew members there should be space on board, but also on which sailing area you want to head for.

In addition to yachts with only one hull, the so-called monohulls, large catamarans have also come into fashion with touring sailors because they are very spacious. Trimarans are on the other hand something for sports sailors who are primarily after a high speed.

Which type of boat is suitable for which sailor?-which

While catamarans and trimarans are on the rise, monohulls like this Hallberg Rassy 40 remain the most popular boats

Source: Photo Rick Tomlinson

The classic monohull yacht, rigged with a mast and the corresponding foresails, remains the type of boat that is by far the most built and sailed – with a choice of a deep, cozy central cockpit or a wide cockpit that is open towards the stern. The owner’s cabin is located in the bow or aft in the stern.

Mostly with a large bedroom and bathroom. On the starboard side there is usually a small navigation corner, on the port side there is a kitchenette with a seating area. In principle, there is no limit to the length of the ship, it only depends on the budget.

While traditional monohull yachts often taper sharply at the bow and stern, newer models tend to be a little wider at the front and rear. On the one hand, this is due to the fact that the fore stems are now straight and therefore offer more space.

On the other hand, the now widespread use of a double rudder system enables not only an open stern, but also a larger living space inside the fuselage. A wide butt does not have to mean that a yacht only rocks slowly over the water – on the contrary.

Catamarans are often too wide for boxes in marinas

“Thanks to their hull shape and wide stern, modern monohulls sail particularly quickly in front of the wind,” says Uli Schurg, who works with his company Blue Yachting Sells monohulls from various shipyards and also catamarans. Ships that have been optimized for small crews and are easy to operate are now particularly in demand.

Hard cruising on the wind is not particularly popular with younger sailors, however, as it leads to steep inclines. However, the fact that monohulls lie on the leeward side when heading close-hauled cannot be avoided. When it comes to the port, yachts with a hull are superior to the other types of ship, because almost every box offers enough space between their piles for a standard touring yacht.

Catamaran sailors have a completely different experience – with their two hulls, the ships usually do not fit into the boxes of the marinas. Often there is only one mooring at the pier. The ideal place for catamarans is therefore a quiet bay, where the width is irrelevant.

Two fully developed hulls offer almost twice as much space as the interior of conventional monohull yachts. There are bunks in both hulls; on larger ships there is space for two double cabins and a bathroom – ideal conditions for crews who value privacy. Life together on board then takes place between the two hulls.

Which type of boat is suitable for which sailor?-which

All you have to do is spend enough money to convert a monohull into a floating holiday home

Source: Photo: Rick Tomlinson

Modern touring catamarans are reminiscent of holiday apartments: You enter them through large sliding doors, and the interior with kitchenette and seating area is lighter and more spacious than a monohull. In the front area you can sunbathe on a stretched net, the so-called trampoline, while the rear area can be closed off like a winter garden in the rain and wind. A sailing trip could hardly be more comfortable.

A declared lover of the double hull is the Hamburg skipper Mareike Guhr. With changing crews, she has circumnavigated the world on the 50-foot catamaran “La Medianoche” in four years. “As a cruise ship, the catamaran has a clear advantage for me, because it not only offers more space and more comfort, but also less heeling and leaning than a monohull”, she says.

“Above all, however, I consider catamarans to be a safe choice when cruising on the high seas, as they do not sink into the sea like a stone even after a collision and subsequent water ingress. Catamarans continue to swim and offer a stable platform. "

The sailing properties of a catamaran alone cannot be compared with those of an aerodynamically cut sailing yacht. When the wind comes from the front, the journeys at sea are longer and more time-consuming than on a monohull yacht. On the other hand, the sailing properties are excellent, as if on rails the ship shoots ahead.

Multihulls are often chartered

"Anyone who values ​​good sailing properties in the wind or even wants to take part in a regatta will always opt for a monohull," says Markus Schlichting, spokesman for the Bavaria Yachts shipyard. "If, on the other hand, you prefer not to keep your pots jumping off the stove while sailing, you are better off on a catamaran."

If in doubt, change the type of boat depending on the purpose of the trip and the composition of the crew. Schlichting knows many sailors who own a monohull but prefer to charter a catamaran for holidays with friends.

Overall, significantly more monohulls are sold than catamarans or even trimarans. "Worldwide only about 1000 catamarans with a length of over 40 feet are built annually," says Uli Schurg. However, in recent years he has observed a growing interest in multihull models, especially in the charter sector, where comfort and a large amount of space are often crucial.

Which type of boat is suitable for which sailor?-type

Catamarans with two fully developed hulls offer almost twice as much space as the interior of conventional monohull yachts

Source: Nicolas Claris

A trend towards multihulls was also recognized at the Bavaria shipyard in Giebelstadt. "The catamaran market has been one of the growing segments in the boat industry for years," says Markus Schlichting.

In order to meet the increasing demand, his company has taken over the French boat builder Nautitech. At its headquarters on the mainland near Wurzburg, Bavaria-Werft cannot build catamarans itself because the wide ships cannot be transported on the roads.

An exotic alternative for individualists is the trimaran, a type of boat that is also very popular with professionals. Thanks to its flat hulls and shallow draft, it can be driven straight onto the beach. The models from the Danish shipyard Quorings, which are often used on the Baltic Sea, are particularly fast.

Trimarans are for ambitious sailors

The windward swimmer lifts out of the water in strong winds, and top speeds of over 20 knots are possible with a small boat less than 30 feet. However, the lounge area is limited to the middle fuselage – the space on board is accordingly narrow and limited. To do this, the two side hulls can be folded up when entering the port – and the sporty boat fits into any box.

Trimarans are particularly suitable for ambitious sailors who dare to perform sporty maneuvers and enjoy sophisticated technology. The focus is clearly on speed and is at the expense of comfortable interior design.

With a few simple steps you can not only fold up the float, but also lower the mast. The trimaran has what it takes to be a holiday companion that is easy to transport and can be used in almost any sailing area.

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