“From 2020 there will be no more diesel and gasoline cars”

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These countries plan to abolish the internal combustion engine

"From 2020 there will be no more diesel and gasoline cars"-Netherlands

E-cars are still plagued by the “RIP” problem: insufficient range, thin infrastructure for charging the batteries, high prices. We’ll change that quickly?

Source: Getty Images / Flickr RF

Norway, Holland, Austria, India – more and more countries are pursuing plans to soon only register vehicles with electric drives. The energy turnaround in car traffic is already on the doorstep?

D.he exhaust scandal from VW, new reports about manipulated exhaust gas and consumption information from other manufacturers as well as planned driving bans for older diesels in polluted city centers – black clouds hang over the future of the internal combustion engine.

"In principle, most manufacturers realize that the fossil fuel age is coming to an end," says Stefan Bratzel from the Center of Automotive Management in Bergisch-Gladbach, but warns against excessive expectations of a quick transition to electromobility. "It won’t work in five years, and ten years will also be difficult."

However, pioneer Norway shows that the transition to battery cars could succeed. Already today, their share of the new car market there is almost a quarter – a worldwide record. Buyers use free parking spaces, can charge electricity for free, pay no tolls for tunnels and ferries and are allowed to use the bus lane in Oslo during rush hour.

Pioneer Norway abolishes grants

The tax breaks of up to 10,000 euros per newly purchased Stromer run until 2017. In the following year, they are to be phased out, because by then the type of drive will have asserted itself, according to the calculation.

Furthermore, from 2025 Norway plans to only re-register cars, buses and light commercial vehicles if they are electrically powered.

Electric car hype – Tesla is the new Apple?

Tesla presents an affordable electric car for the first time. The presentation feels like an Apple keynote. The hype is huge, the people are enthusiastic – but what really comes out on the streets?

Source: The World

For the Netherlands, the Scandinavian country is the great role model for a plan also targeting 2025, which even hybrid models would fall victim to. Above all, the social democratic PvdA is campaigning for a switch to electric cars.

Tesla, Nissan Leaf, Opel Ampera and Toyota Prius appear so often on Dutch roads because they are also subsidized by the state. However, the grants only flow to business and not private customers, and have dried up completely for hybrid vehicles since January 1st.

What good does it do if the electricity comes from coal??

Unlike Norway – with a share of over 95 percent in hydropower – Holland still has major deficits in the energy mix. So far, only 4.2 percent of the electricity comes from renewable sources – on the other hand 39 percent from oil, 12 percent from coal and 40 percent from natural gas produced in the north of the country.

Not far from the German border is one of the largest gas fields on earth. But the drilling caused the layers of the earth to sag, the inhabitants were torn from beneath their feet, and small tremors were regularly registered. Natural gas production fell into disrepute, which is why investments are now being made increasingly in wind farms.

Koen Maes, Managing Director of Nissan for the Benelux countries, therefore sees the Netherlands on the right track. “By 2025, all the prerequisites have been met, I don’t think the time window is too tight.” Battery technology is also improving, and the first filling stations are already being built that have charging stations instead of petrol pumps.

Nissan Leaf – more memory, more range

"From 2020 there will be no more diesel and gasoline cars"-India

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Too expensive and too short a range – these are the two main reasons why electric cars are in such a difficult position in Germany. The Nissan Leaf seems quite a bit rude, howeverTo be corrected, after all, it is currently the best-selling electric car in the world.

Source: Jakob Hoff

"From 2020 there will be no more diesel and gasoline cars"-Nissan Leaf

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The Leaf is now available with two different batteries. In addition to the 24 kWh battery (base price 23,365 euros) there is now also one with 30 kWh for a greater range. The kostet …

Source: Jakob Hoff

"From 2020 there will be no more diesel and gasoline cars"-electric car

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… at least 28,485 euros. The rent for the battery is then added.

Source: Jakob Hoff

"From 2020 there will be no more diesel and gasoline cars"-energy transition

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Thanks to larger batteries, the Leaf (with 80 kW / 109 PS electric motor) should come up to 250 kilometers. However, the on-board computer did not show this value during our test the store. But this may also have been due to our driving style, which is also analyzed at the same time. As well as the outside temperature and the air conditioning settings.

Source: Jakob Hoff

"From 2020 there will be no more diesel and gasoline cars"-India

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In terms of range, the Nissan Leaf cannot keep up with conventional compact cars, but it can in other areas: It is 4.44 meters long, 1.97 meters wide (inclive exterior mirrors), 1.55 meters high, has a wheelbase of 2.70 meters and a trunk volume of 370 liters. He even beats the VW Golf with it.

Source: Jakob Hoff

"From 2020 there will be no more diesel and gasoline cars"-Volkswagen

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The positive impression continues in the interior. The fully digital instrument panel clearly shows the current energy consumption, the state of charge and the remaining rangestart on. The round mini gear knob looks like a miniature version of R2D2 has been embedded in the center console.

Source: Jakob Hoff

At the moment, the share of purely e-mobiles in the Dutch new car market is currently just as low as in Germany, at 0.6 percent. The Flemish part of Belgium shows that grants can make a difference: “There, buyers of our Nissan Leaf have been receiving a grant of 5000 euros since January 1st. Since then, sales have gone through the roof, ”says Maes.

As a third European country, Austria is also flirting with a red card for engines based on the working principle of petrol and diesel – and that even from 2020. “The phase-out from fossil energies, as envisaged by the Paris climate treaty, is definitely in Austria possible ”, Jurgen Schneider from the Federal Environment Agency in Vienna is convinced.

Many plans are not yet dry

If it were up to his authority, greenhouse gas emissions from the use of fossil fuels could fall by 60 percent by 2030 and by 90 percent by 2050 compared to 2005. At the same time, energy consumption could fall significantly and the share of renewable energy could rise to over 90 percent by 2050. Although gasoline and diesel engines are likely to continue to operate, they will, like buildings, be subject to a CO2 penalty tax.

In the Austrian media, the rushing ahead of the environmental officer led to headlines such as “Environment authority wants to ban diesel and gasoline vehicles” or “From 2020 no more diesel and gasoline cars”. The Austrian automobile club OAMTC even spoke of a belated April Fool’s joke. It can be assumed that such measures would mean an "additional burden of several thousand euros for almost every Austrian household".

"SUVs are a big hit with car manufacturers"

SUV sales in Germany have risen steadily for ten years. 20 percent of all new cars are SUVs. Automotive expert Ferdinand Dudenhoffer does not expect the boom to end in the near future either.

Source: The World

As in the Alpine republic, India’s plans are far from being dry. Environment Minister Piyush Goyal recently surprised with the announcement that only electric vehicles will be allowed in the subcontinent from 2030, as reported by "The Economic Times".

His plan: If necessary, in return for small down payments, the buyers should be able to buy the Stromer in front of the door, and they should then be paid off in small installments. Goyal envisions a kind of self-financing system.

Indian auto journalists who questioned the “world” shake their heads at such plans. Aspi Bathena, editor of "Car Magazine India", names 50 million households in India that are still without electricity: "The only thing that has happened so far is a ban on the sale of diesel models with more than two liters of displacement."

Yogendra Pratap, editor-in-chief of the trade magazine “Auto Today”, is just as skeptical: “In India there is only one electric car available to date, the Mahindra e2o. Plus a few two-wheelers and e-rickshaws. "

Observers condemn projects as unrealistic

The journalist emphasizes that the plan for 2030 is unrealistic, especially because of the fragile power grid. India produces an energy surplus on paper, but hourly power cuts are common in the big cities in the north and east as well as in the capital Delhi. The subcontinent still produces 60 percent of its electricity in old coal-fired power plants, according to Pratap.

The auto journalist considers the goals for the expansion of renewable energies to be naive: "By 2030, their share should increase to 40 percent – almost impossible in the opinion of all experts."

So there is a lot of pessimism in India, but e-mobility is still struggling in Germany as an automobile country. Professor Stefan Bratzel is ambivalent about the controversially discussed purchase incentives of up to 5000 euros. “They harbor the risk of a flash in the pan. In my opinion, the low market success of purely electric vehicles is primarily not a demand, but a supply or innovation problem. "

Subsidies for e-mobility could cause industry to postpone necessary e-mobility innovations. It is better to invest the money in the development of more powerful batteries and the expansion of the fast charging infrastructure. Ultimately, smartphones and pedelecs would have prevailed without state start-up funding.

"E-mobility is a marathon, not a sprint"

BMW boss Harald Kruger has again spoken out in favor of buying incentives to promote sales of electric cars. He justifies this demand here in an interview with reporter Jens Reupert.

Source: The World

The electric car is still struggling with a formula that Bratzel defined as a "RIP" trap – range, infrastructure, price.“I only expect great demand when electric cars can travel 350 to 450 kilometers in real operation and at the same time there are enough quick charging stations in the vicinity of cities and on highways.” In addition, the price should not be much higher than conventionally fueled cars. That is still a long way from being the case.

Christoph Sturmer from the accounting firm PriceWaterhouseCoopers sees “price parity” as early as 2025: “Then an electric car will be just as expensive as a comparable model with a gasoline engine. Operation, on the other hand, is already cheaper today. ”And the transition to electromobility will come from the cities. Not from the surrounding area, where publicly available fast charging stations are still few and far between. "

Criticism of Germany’s approach

Professor Ferdinand Dudenhoffer, head of the CAR Institute at the University of Duisburg-Essen, sees Germany also under pressure in view of the plans of countries such as Norway and Holland.

“The big breakthrough is coming in China, America, Holland, Norway and other countries, but I’m not afraid in Germany at first. The question is: do you adapt, or do you try to survive like the dinosaurs? "

Dudenhoffer points to the dwindling importance of diesel, which in view of "Dieselgate" is dead in the USA and basically only of importance in Europe. "The faster we tackle the transition and the faster we abolish subsidies for diesel, the fewer jobs will be lost, especially in the supplier industry."

In terms of e-mobility, Germany is only lagging behind

Private buyers of electric vehicles are to receive a bonus from July 1st. The government hopes this will boost sales. Numerous new charging stations are also to be set up.

Source: The World

Indeed: 25 percent of a car’s added value comes from the drivetrain. But electric cars don’t need injection systems, pistons, crankshafts and camshafts, coolers, air filters and much more. At the same time, however, complex cooling and heating systems must be available for the battery.

Stefan Bratzel sees the situation in a similar way: “Either the automotive industry is adapting to the new times, or it will no longer be successful in the global markets in the future. If some markets really pull through the turnaround from 2025, it can quickly develop a global effect. "

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