110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary

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When Rolls-Royce didn’t need horsepower information

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-SUV (sport utility vehicles)

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Even before Rolls and Royce founded the later brand, there were already the first Royce motor vehicles, here a 10 HP from 1904. The Rolls-Royce brand cars adorned the radiator frame from 1911 onwardsur Spirit of Ecstasy, which originally …

Source: sp-x

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-Bentley

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… the artist Charles Sykes created. His model was a lady named Eleanor Thornton (pictured). In the early history of the company, Rolls-Royce also used aircraft enginesf pay attention to those who …

Source: sp-x

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-ecstasy

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… built in watercraft. Sir Malcolm Campbell set a world record on the water with a Rolls-Royce aircraft engine in 1937 with the Bluebird K3. That Rolls-Royce noble Abuilds utos, also found in rides …

Source: sp-x

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-HP figures

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… like those of the Silver Ghost with Prince Charles on board. Incidentally, the best-selling Rolls-Royce to date is the …

Source: sp-x

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-auto

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… Silver Shadow, here with racing legend Sir Stirling Moss at the 1967 London Motor Show.

Source: sp-x

Henry Royce and Charles Rolls came from different backgrounds, but had the same vision: They wanted to build the perfect car. The credo almost drove the Rolls-Royce company to its ruin.

S.he is the oldest automotive trademark for majesties, aristocrats and money nobility: the Spirit of Ecstasy. The famous hood ornament with outstretched arms has crowned the radiator grille of almost every Rolls-Royce since 1911.

But Rolls-Royce was founded in 1906 – 110 years ago. The anniversary goes down a bit in the celebrations of the parent company BMW on its 100th birthday. But it really is like this: the daughter is ten years older than the mother.

The radiator sculpture created by the artist Charles Sykes initially stood more for speed than the technical perfection of luxury vehicles. It was originally called the Spirit of Speed, because Rolls-Royce made record drives with the 40/50 Silver Ghost as the world’s first representative vehicle.

As with BMW, the early history of Rolls-Royce is closely linked to the construction of aircraft engines. Built since 1914, they were not only used in airplanes, but also on land and water. Be it a speed record for automobiles, but also a record flight over the English Channel in 1910.

Records in the air, on water and on land

The speed records were the result of a May 1904 lunch in Manchester. It was there that the aspiring engineer Frederick Henry Royce met the luxury vehicle dealer Charles Stewart Rolls. Rolls was enthusiastic about the first Royce construction, which both marketed as the Type 10 HP that same year.

The worldwide breakthrough came with the Silver Ghost. However, the fame befitting its status did not materialize until 1955, when Rolls-Royce was recognized as the official purveyor to the British royal family. With all its exclusivity, the Silver Shadow became almost a volume model in 1965. But even he could not guarantee economic stability. Bankruptcies, bad luck and breakdowns are just as much a part of the Rolls-Royce chronicle as surprises – such as the takeover by BMW in 2003.

These classic cars are not garage gold

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-BMW Rolls-Royce

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With the MG TF (1953 to 1955) you can drive affordable roadsters. Fans rave about the sheer driving pleasure. Nevertheless, the prices are going down. The typical owners are 65 bis 70 years old – young people can’t do much with the car anymore. Loss of value: From 36,000 (2011) to 27,700 euros (2015).

Source: Getty Images

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-Rolls-Royce

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The Biturbo (1981 to 1986) was smaller than the usual Maserati models, but it was also much cheaper. But because of technical problems, he bought one straighta legendary bad reputation. Today, therefore, high maintenance costs discourage purchases. Loss of value: From 9500 euros (2011) to 8900 euros (2015).

Source: picture-alliance / dpa

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-BMW Rolls-Royce

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The Jaguar XJ 12 Series III (1979 to 1989) is often available for comparatively little money. But be careful, the maintenance costs can be extremely high. Loss of value: From 15,200 euros (2007) to 14,100 euros (2015).

Source: Thomas doerfer -CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-Luxury cars

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The British called the TR 7 (1976 to 1981) "The Wedge". The weird coupe completely flopped, today it is representative of the decline of the British auto industryie. Loss of value: From 6900 euros (2007) to 6300 euros (2015).

Source: Charles01 -CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-HP

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With a displacement of 8.2 liters, it doesn’t matter how lean you set the engine to be: the fuel consumption of the Cadillac Eldorado Coupe (1976 to 1978) will tear holes in your wallet. And findn you a parking lot with this monster! Loss of value: From 19,200 euros (2007) to 16,500 euros (2015).

Source: CC0 via Wikimedia Commons

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-HP

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The car may be luxurious. But would you like to drive to the supermarket in a Rolls-Royce Silver Shadow (1977 to 1980) or stop at daycare with it? "Then wiAbout bought an S-Class, Germany is simply Mercedes country, ”says Classic Data expert Brune. Loss of value: From 34,800 euros (2007) to 27,100 euros (2015).

Source: Denver Post via Getty Images

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-SUV (sport utility vehicles)

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Loud nailing, sluggish draft – old diesels generally have a hard time being old-timers. The Opel Rekord E (1977 to 1986) is an example of this. Depreciation: From 2400 euros (2007) to 1500 euros (2015).

Source: Opel

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-Charles Roll

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The Camry was a gray mouse even when it was new – and 30 years later it still is. Some cars just never become coveted collectibles, no matter how old they are. Depreciationt: From 1900 euros (2007) to 1500 euros (2015).

Source: Wikipedia

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-Silver Ghost

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Skoda has enjoyed a good reputation for a number of years. This did not apply to the Skoda 120 (1984 to 1989), the car still exudes old Eastern bloc foul. Loss of value: from 3100 euros (2007) to 2200 euros (2015).

Source: Wikipedia

Although Royce never sat in an airplane himself, he still made aircraft engine construction his most important business area. From the first transatlantic aircraft Vickers Vimy to the Spitfire and Concorde to the current Airbus A380, Rolls-Royce has remained an engine supplier to this day.

In fact, in the 1930s, car manufacturing only contributed six percent to corporate profits. On the other hand, it was later the immense development costs for jet engines that temporarily nationalized Rolls-Royce in 1971 and caused the car division of Rolls-Royce Motors to be spun off.

Without regard to losses

For a long time, the finances of the auto business at Rolls-Royce were in poor shape. The luxury models were developed and built without considering costs, simply to meet the credo of the “best car in the world”. The company already advertised the very first car with the words: "the best car in the world".

The buyers of huge chauffeur-driven limousines like Phantom as well as the so-called gentleman drivers of models like 20 HP, Wraith or Silver Cloud appreciated this claim. Some brands from Germany, France and the USA might offer the rich and famous more cylinders and more sweeping designed bodies with Art Deco elements – nowhere could you find more stylish and more reliable driving than with a Rolls-Royce.

Rolls-Royce Dawn – convertible for 330,000 euros

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-Henry Royce

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In the first quarter of 2016, Rolls-Royce is launching a fourth series. In addition to Ghost, Wraith and Phantom (of which a coupe is also offered) there is also a convertible, Called Dawn.

Source: Rolls-Royce

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-HP figures

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The British manufacturer could not imagine anything other than a convertible with a soft top. The roof should be so well insulated that the passengers in the closed convertible geHear no more from the outside world than in the Wraith.

Source: Rolls-Royce

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-Charles Roll

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This makes the Dawn the quietest convertible there is to buy. The fabric roof takes 22 seconds until the huge fabric folds up and disappears in the rear.

Source: Rolls-Royce

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-Silver Ghost

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When it comes to the convertible top, the Rolls-Royce may not be among the fastest, but when it comes to engines it is. The V12 engine draws 570 hp and 780 from its 6.6 liter displacement Nm.

Source: Rolls-Royce

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-BMW Rolls-Royce

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The Dawn is not suitable as a chauffeur vehicle, but the two passengers in the rear can still sit comfortably.

Source: Rolls-Royce

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-BMW

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“Handbuilt in Goodwood, England” has its price. For the Rolls-Royce Dawn you have to …

Source: Rolls-Royce

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-Bentley

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… Spend at least 330,000 euros.

Source: Rolls-Royce

Rolls-Royce had already taken over its insolvent rival Bentley in 1931. Incidentally, until 1949, Rolls-Royce only acted as a chassis supplier and left the body production to independent coachbuilders. It was not until the Silver Dawn was delivered as a complete vehicle by Rolls-Royce – after a Bentley sedan made the start.

The Rolls-Royce-Bentley alliance lasted until 2003 and was then broken up after a tough struggle by the German buyers, who divided the British automotive crown jewels among themselves. Rolls-Royce Automobile has been part of the BMW Group since then, Bentley and the long-standing Rolls-Royce Crewe plant are part of the Volkswagen Group.

The understatement is eroding

While today’s Bentleys such as Flying Spur and Mulsanne differ in every respect from Rolls-Royce Ghost or Phantom, things were different in the past. Often Bentley were just parallel models with a different grill, clearly visible in the Rolls-Royce Silver Shadow and the Bentley T-Series from 1965.

Despite maintaining tradition, there is hardly a trend today that Rolls-Royce is ignoring. This year, the luxury manufacturer is putting its very first concept car on track. As part of the 100th anniversary of BMW, the study called “Grand Sanctuary” is to be unveiled in June, as BMW announced.

And for its 110th anniversary, the first SUV is in sight – also to put Bentley’s new Bentayga in its place. Especially since Rolls-Royce shooting brakes filled with hunting parties were already digging through the thicket in the pioneering days of the automobile, when Bentley was still unthinkable.

This is what Bentley’s first SUV looks like

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-Bentley

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4.1 seconds for the sprint from zero to 100 km / h, top speed 301 km / h. Such values ​​are immediately associated with a sports car (for comparison: the Porsche 911 Carrera 4S brau4.5 seconds) and not an SUV. But the Bentley Bentayga is not a normal off-road vehicle, but according to company boss Wolfgang Durheimer …

Source: Bentley

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-auto

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… "The most luxurious, exclusive and fastest SUV in the world". Sure, when Bentley builds its first SUV, the car has to serve up a few superlatives.

Source: Bentley

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-BMW

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The fact that it is technically an Audi Q7 is often mentioned in a subordinate clause. After all, the six-liter twelve-cylinder has been completely redesigned. He sends 608 HP and 900 Newton meters on the 21-inch rollers.

Source: Bentley

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-Bentley

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If a vehicle that costs around 200,000 euros is not a shame, the Bentayga can also be used off-road.

Source: Bentley

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-BMW

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The air suspension chassis is equipped with half a dozen trim levels, and there is also electrical roll compensation.

Source: Bentley

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-BMW Rolls-Royce

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At a later date, a diesel will even be offered for the Bentayga, as a V8 engine with 400 hp. That would be the brand’s first diesel engine.

Source: Bentley

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-HP figures

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The interior of the Bentayga also has nothing to do with a rustic off-road vehicle. The driver and front passenger feel like they are in a Continental or Mulsanne, only higher.

Source: Bentley

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-Bentley

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This also applies to the passengers in the rear, who are chauffeured on comfortable individual armchairs. The legroom, however, is at best high average.

Source: Bentley

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-Henry Royce

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In terms of assistance systems and amenities, Bentley offers everything that the VW group shelf currently has to offer. From automatic parking via tablet computer as remote control for dhe infotainment system through to the automatically opening tailgate.

Source: Bentley

110 years of Rolls-Royce: When horsepower specifications were still unnecessary-Bentley

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Luxury has its price: The British will ask for prices in excess of 200,000 euros for their first SUV.

Source: Bentley

Something else fundamentally differentiates the Bentley and Rolls-Royce of the 21st century from their ancestors: With mighty twelve-cylinders and an output of up to 635 hp, the English are now taking part in a global arms race. The buyers of the Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud and Bentley S-Series series launched in 1955, on the other hand, had to be satisfied with the vague performance specification “sufficient” and six cylinders.

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